Learn how to use an editor to create a first webpage.
We will not learn you how to code HTML or CSS. Use a tutorial like W3Schools for that: start with the "HTML introduction" and follow the pages until "HTML CSS".
These are the basic steps you should take. Each step is described in detail below.
To write HTML code, you need an text editor. You may use an editor already present on your computer (eg. Notepad), but it is strongly recommended to use an editor which is suitable to manage a site and write code. We reccommend:
In this tutorial we will continue using Atom. Install the editor you choose and continue with the steps below.
Start your editor:
Create a folder for your website, for example in your 'Documents' folder:
We can do this from the editor (or use the Windows Explorer/Finder):
In Atom: choose File > Add Project Folder, click New Folder, type a name, select it, press Select Folder:
You now are ready to add files to the website folder.
All files you would like to add to your site have to be in the website folder. So if you would like to add images, copy them to the website folder (it is recommended to create a subfolder for that, eg. with the name "img").
If there is already an 'untitled' file, skip the next line.
If there is no 'untitled' file, add a file via File > New File:
Now we have a new 'untitled' file:
Next, save the 'untitled' file: choose File > Save or press CTRL+S. Give the file the name
Your project in Atom should now look like:
You now are ready to add HTML code to the file
Go to the HTML introduction of W3Schools, or to any other tutorial which shows a start of an HTML document. Now copy the HTML example code (select it and right-click it and choose Copy, or press CTRL+C):
Next, paste it in the
index.html file in your editor (use Edit > Paste or CTRL+V):
Make some changes to the code. Add a proper title, headers and paragraph-text (info shown below is just an example):
Create a new file: press Ctrl+N. Save the file with Ctrl+S (eg. as
Type html and press Enter to insert basic HTML code.
First, add a new folder 'img'. Right-click the website folder and choose New Folder:
Add it's name "img" and press Enter:
Copy an image to be used for the page to the folder "img" (use Windows Explorer/Finder):
Next, paste it in the subfolder 'img' of the website-folder:
Now study the W3Schools tutorial chapter on images. Add code for an image element to embed the image in the html document:
Save the file. (File > Save or CTRL+S)
To check if the page looks good, you can preview it in your browser. In the Windows Explorer (or Finder), browse to the website folder and double-click on the
It might be a good idea to keep working with a preview opened, eg. with the browser next to the editor:
The preview will change only once you save the file (press CTRL+S) and refresh the preview (press F5). But in browser-plus, you can turn on Live preview (icon with lightning bold), which will automatically refresh the preview (but you still have to press CTRL+S to save the file):
You can now further customize the page, make it your own, try out things.
If you have not done so yet, then now is the time to learn a bit more about HTML from the W3schools tutorials. At least read the first pages from Introduction until Styles and use/test what you learned by adding it to your HTML document. Maybe even add some style ( go to the CSS tutorial of W3Schools to learn more).
You now are ready to upload the files to your site. This is explained in a separate page:
For your site-address to work, your site should have an index-file: your first page (homepage) should have the name
index.php). Filenames are case-sensitive. Use only lowercase characters for index-files.
The most common reason that images do not work is because of problems with filenames. On the website, file and folder names are case-sensitive. So you must be careful mixing uppercase and lowercase characters. Advise: always use lowercase characters! Other problems might occur with referencing the image in the html-code. Or you fogot to upload the image(s). Some examples are given below. Some articles on these issues:
Windows tip: always show full filenames in Windows Explorer. Click the tab View, then via options, select "change folder and search options":
In tab View, uncheck the option "Hide extensions for known file types", and press Ok:
Can you spot what is wrong here?:
In the case above, the extension of the file is in uppercase. And in the html code, it is in lowercase:
Best way to solve this, is to rename the file to
me_small.jpg (with extension in lowercase). Problem which complicates this, is that in Windows, the webpage will work, when viewing it with a browser. But once you upload it, it will not work,
as most websites are hosted on Linux platforms, at which filenames are case-sensitive.
Create a new file (Ctrl+N) to practice. Type html and press Enter to insert basic html code:
Now add a h1 title by typing h1 (inside the body) to add a Page title to the page:
You can enhance Atom with packages. We will show you how to install the browser-plus package as an example.
You can close Settings afterwards:
After succesfull install of the browser-plus package use ALT+CTRL+O to start it (or right-click > Open Browser-Plus).